The devastating effects of climate change on people and communities in China are becoming more tangible every year. The need to transition towards a low-carbon economy quickly is clear. A key factor in determining the success of this endeavor is the extent to which China will be able to adopt low-carbon technology innovation as part of the national climate innovation system.
In 2009, China passed the U.S. as the world’s largest energy consumer. Identifying innovative solutions to manage limited energy resources is crucial in order to maintain the sustainability of economic growth.
The amount of energy used per unit of GDP is exponentially higher for China than for example Japan, Europe, or the United States.
A vast range of innovations are available for low-carbon energy generation in China. And we’ve had a look at the conditions for wind power, solar energy, biomass energy, hydrogen energy, fuel cells, new energy vehicles, and LED, as they dominate the clean energy market in China today.
Read here about China’s climate innovation system and our recommended strategies for strengthening it.
Demographic Yearbook 2008,
Table 5 Estimates of mid-year population: 1999-2008
Carbon emissions per country:
2007: 6 538 367
(CDIAC) Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2),
thousand metric tons of CO2
Carbon emissions per capita:
2007, China: 4,9194
(CDIAC) Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2), metric tons of CO2 per capita
Population below $1 (PPP) per day, percentage:
2005: 15,9 %
GDP per capita:
China $ 7,400 (2010 est.)