Despite a global downturn, the Indian economy registered a GDP growth rate of about 6.5% in 2008-2009, Greenhouse gas emissions have increased simultaneously.
Energy demand is increasing at a rate of 2.5% annually while over 600 million Indians still have no access to electricity and very limited access to any form of renewable energy. So the challenge is to ensure continued economic growth while applying sustainable solutions to environmental protection as well as to climate mitigation and adaptation.
India is moving ahead aggressively on low-carbon technologies. The government’s objective on solar energy calls for 20 GWh installed solar power generation capacity by 2020. Progress has already been made in other areas of renewable energy as well. India ranks 5th worldwide as a producer of renewable energy.
In terms of investment, India is ranked 10th among G20 members and constitutes 2% of total G20 investment in renewable energy.
Read here about the climate innovation system in India and our recommended strategies for strengthening it.
Demographic Yearbook 2008,
Table 5 Estimates of mid-year population: 1999-2008
Carbon emissions per country:
2007: 1 612 362
(CDIAC) Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2),
thousand metric tons of CO2
Carbon emissions per capita:
2007, India: 1,3844
(CDIAC) Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2), metric tons of CO2 per capita
Population below $1 (PPP) per day, percentage:
2005: 41,6 %
GDP per capita:
India $ 3,400 (2010 est.)