The effects of climate change on the poor and vulnerable population groups in Kenya are already devastating. There is an urgent need to develop strategies of adapting and curbing climate change to avoid further negative effects on people’s lives, and to the economy. Capacity building and increased resources in key areas of climate mitigation and adaptation are needed to tackle this situation.
International support and transfer of knowledge, innovations, and technologies are all imperative if Kenya is to succeed in overcoming these challenges.
Fortunately there are numerous entrepreneurs, students and non- governmental organizations that have developed or adopted innovative and cost-effective technologies, which benefit local communities through job creation, environmental protection and energy-efficiency.
Kenya is currently grappling with an energy crisis, due to its overdependence on hydro facilities, rapid depletion of forest cover, and lack of investment incentives from the government in clean energy. A power rationing program has been implemented stating the number of hours and days electricity will be provided to those connected to the national grid. This has had adverse effects on businesses countrywide, highlighting the need for clean energy innovations and low-carbon technologies.
Read here about the climate innovation system in Kenya and our recommended strategies for strengthening it.
Demographic Yearbook 2008,
Table 5 Estimates of mid-year population: 1999-2008
Carbon emissions per country:
2007: 11 236
(CDIAC) Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2),
thousand metric tons of CO2
Carbon emissions per capita:
2007, Kenya: 0,2976
(CDIAC) Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2), metric tons of CO2 per capita
Population below $1 (PPP) per day, percentage:
2005: 19,7 %
GDP per capita:
Kenya $ 1,600 (2010 est.)