With many low-lying coastal and river areas at risk of sea level rise and severe flooding, the Netherlands is extremely vulnerable to increasing climate change. Many activities have been initiated to protect people from the effects of climate change, and the Netherlands is perceived as one of the European countries most active in promoting domestic climate adaptation measures.
Yet despite this positive trend, the Netherlands does not seem to have a holistic and comprehensive approach to the climate challenge. Dutch CO2 emissions per capita are among the highest in the world emitting three times the global average. Furthermore, in 2009 when WWF presented a ranking of countries’ total annual sales of clean energy technology, the Netherlands seriously lagged behind the most proactive countries with an unflattering 17th place.
Although the Netherlands does promote clean energy solutions, the country has a long way to go to reach the levels of Denmark, Brazil and Germany, which hold the top rankings in clean energy technology sales globally.
It may take many years until the Netherlands has reached such an ambitious target, but it is important to note that the country has the knowledge, wealth and capacity to take a leading role in the world market for these technologies.
Read here for more information on the current status of this industry in the Netherlands and the strengths and weaknesses of the country’s climate innovation system.
Demographic Yearbook 2008,
Table 5 Estimates of mid-year population: 1999-2008
Carbon emissions per country:
2007: 173 244
(CDIAC) Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2),
thousand metric tons of CO2
Carbon emissions per capita:
2007, The Netherlands: 10,5253
(CDIAC) Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2), metric tons of CO2 per capita
Population below $1 (PPP) per day, percentage:
No country level data
GDP per capita:
Netherlands $ 40,500 (2010 est.)