Carbon dioxide is part of the renewable carbon cycle and exchanged within and between the biosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere. On one hand, carbon dioxide is used by nature and tied to plants, trees, and crops through the photosynthesis. On the other hand, human activities such as the use of fossil fuels extracted from the ground have disrupted the balance, leading to increasing levels of fossil originated carbon dioxide. One way to restore this balance is to return the biomass generated carbon dioxide underground, which is where fossil fuels originate. Examples of such biomass processes are bio-fuelled power plants, pulp and paper industries, ethanol plants and biogas plants.
Together with partners Biorecro AB develops and enables Bio Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS). By using BECCS the carbon dioxide that trees and plants are extracting from the atmosphere is captured, and and stored underground. Biorecro has developed a financial mechanism for BECCS and offers carbon offsets on the voluntary market. These carbon credits are based on generating large-scale “negative” emissions with BECCS, leading to absolute removal of carbon from the atmosphere - an innovative approach in the fight against global warming.
The first step in the BECCS process is the capture of carbon dioxide. When the CO2 has been separated, it is compressed under high pressure, turning it into a liquid. This allows for transport to a storage location via pipeline or ship. Saline aquifers are considered the most suitable geological formations for this purpose. They consist of porous sandstone filled with salt water and are similar to the formations where oil and gas have been contained for millions of years. At the storage site, holes are drilled at a depth of between 1,000 and 3,000 meters. The liquid carbon dioxide is pumped down into the saline aquifer, where it blends into the salt water contained in the sandstone's pores. Through various geochemical processes, the carbon dioxide is stored permanently in the formation.
The level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased dramatically since the beginning of industrialization, leading to global warming and climate change. To date (2010), the average global warming is 0.8 degrees Celsius and is expected to rise at least as much regardless of what what action we take. Removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere with BECCS is a substantive measure that is not only feasible but perhaps also necessary in the fight against climate change. If 30 percent of the identified bio-fuel plants were to install BECCS, the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere would decrease by 100 million tons per year by 2020.
Biorecro is presently preparing the world's first BECCS pilot in collaboration with the Energy and Environmental Research Center (EERC) at the University of North Dakota. This research institute has a long experience of both biomass combustion systems and geological storage of carbon dioxide. Among other things, EERC manages a large CCS research program funded by the U.S. Department of Energy.
The world's first BECCS pilot is being implemented by combining biomass gasification into an existing carbon dioxide infrastructure. In collaboration with other partners, Biorecro is also planning for much larger demonstrations, with storage capacities of hundreds of thousands of tons per year per facility. This development is taking place in both the US and in Europe, with a large potential for future expansion in Brazil. Biorecro is working with customers and partners who want to be leaders in carbon capture and storage and climate mitigation.
A selection of key management at Biorecro AB:
- Lennart Byström, Chairman of the Board. Serial entrepreneur and founder of Occam AB. Extensive experience of BECCS systems analysis from four years of dedicated work in this area, focusing on communication and stakeholder involvement.
- Henrik Karlsson, President and CEO. M. Sc. from the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. Extensive experience of BECCS systems analysis from four years of dedicated work in this area.
- Josef Wiklund, Legal Counsel. LL.M. from Univ. of Gothenburg. Extensive experience of legal implications and international agreements in the BECCS area from two years of dedicated work.
Scientific advisors on Biorecro’s Advisory Board:
- Prof. Dr. Lars Kristoferson, Professor emeritus in Energy Systems and International Environmental Policy, Stockholm University. Former Secretary General of WWF Sweden.
- Dr. Kenneth Möllersten, researcher and administrative official at the Unit for International Climate Issues at the Swedish Energy Agency.
- Dr. Michael Obersteiner, researcher at IIASA in Vienna, Austria and at UN hosted Group on Earth Observations. Lead author for the first article in Science on BECCS in 2001.
The climate innovation:
BECCS (Bio Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage)
-100 million tons of CO¸ emissions per year by 2020
Chairman of the Board, Lennart Byström
President and CEO, Henrik Karlsson
|+46 8 678 75 01|