CLIMATE SOLUTIONS – WWF’S VISION FOR 2050 WWF, ISBN NUMBER: 2-88085-277-3, 2007
Climate Solutions is the report of WWF’s Energy Task Force which was set up in December 2005. More than 100 scientists and experts contributed their knowledge.
The task force set out to answer the question: “Is it technically possible to meet the growing global demand for energy using clean and sustainable energy sources and technologies that will protect the global climate?”
It began by reviewing 25 different commercially available sustainable energy sources or technologies and ranking them. From this process, three groupings emerged: those technologies with clear benefits, those with some negative but mostly positive impacts, and those where the negatives clearly outweighed the positives.
Those technologies found to have more benefits than negative impacts were then run through the newly designed WWF Climate Solutions model.
The findings were clear and had a note of hope: the model showed, with a high degree of probability (i.e. greater than 90 per cent), that known energy sources and proven technologies could be harnessed between now and 2050 to meet a projected doubling in global demand for energy while at the same time achieving the necessary significant drop (about 60-80 per cent) in carbon dioxide emissions to prevent dangerous climate change.
The model shows for the first time that this is technically and industrially feasible. It also shows that measures must be taken within five years to bring about a reduction in global carbon dioxide emissions within the next ten years.
The report identifies six key solutions to the problem of meeting global energy demand without damaging the global climate:
• Improving energy efficiency
• Stopping forest loss
• Accelerating the development of low-emissions technologies
• Developing flexible fuels
• Replacing high-carbon coal with low-carbon gas
• Equipping fossil-fuel plants with carbon capture and storage technology.